Stage Set For Presidential poll 2017

Stage Set For Presidential poll 2017

C Times, 20 June 2017, Agartala

The stage is almost set for the Presidential poll 2017 which will be held in India on 17 July 2017, and counting will be done on 20 July 2017, five days before the incumbent of current President Sri Pranab Mukherjee’s term expires. The incumbent is eligible for re-election, as no term limits exist in India.

The President is elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of parliament, the elected members of the Legislative Assemble of the 29 states and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union territories  Delhi and Puducherry. As of 2017, the Electoral College comprises 776 MPs and 4120 MLAs. The total strength of Electoral College is 10, 98,882 votes. Halfway mark is 5, 49,442 votes. After state assembly elections and by-polls of 2017, NDA is short of nearly 20,000 votes.

The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the President must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders. The election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the Single transferable vote method. The voting takes place by secret ballot. The manner of election of President is provided by Article 55 of the Constitution.

Ram Nath Kovind, the NDA’s presidential candidate, should have an easy passage to Rashtrapati Bhavan as the ruling alliance already has the committed support of 57.85% of the Electoral College which will elect the next President. Even if the opposition decides to field a candidate, the contest will largely remain academic.

The NDA’s current strength in the Electoral College is 5, 37,683, which is 48.93% of the total votes. This goes up to 57.85% votes with TRS (2%), AIADMK (5.39%) and YSR Congress (1.53%) already pledging support to the NDA candidate.

Late on Monday, BJD chief and Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik came out in support of Kovind, adding 2.99% more votes to the NDA’s kitty. A former BJP Dalit Morcha chief, Kovind may not be acceptable to several opposition parties but the two key regional parties from his home state, Uttar Pradesh, may find it difficult to oppose him.

Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party have hinted about possible support to the NDA nominee. Bihar chief minister and JD (U) chief Nitish Kumar have spoken positively about Kovind as the two shared a good rapport after the latter took over as governor of Bihar three years ago. Kumar though refused to commit support to the NDA candidate and said it would not be appropriate to comment on the issue.

The Presidential Election, determined by the 1971 census, 2017 statement of the value of votes of elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies as per provisions of Article 55(2) of the Constitution of India. The number of votes for MLAs are as follows:

SL.

NO

Name of the State/Union Territory Number of Legislative Assembly seats (Elective) Population (1971 Census) Value of the vote of each MLA Total value of votes for the State/Union Territory
1 ANDHRA PRADESH 175 27,800,586 159 159 x 175 = 27,825
2 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 60 467,511 8 8 x 60 = 480
3 ASSAM 126 14,625,152 116 14,616
4 BIHAR 243 42,126,236 173 42,039
5 CHHATTISGARH 90 11,637,494 129 11,610
6 GOA 40 7,95,120 20 800
7 GUJARAT 182 26,697,475 147 26,754
8 HARYANA 90 10,036,808 112 10,080
9 HIMACHAL PRADESH 68 3,460,434 51 3468
10 JAMMU & KASHMIR 87 6,300,000 72 6,264
11 JHARKHAND 81 14,227,133 176 14,256
12 KARNATAKA 224 29,299,014 131 29,344
13 KERALA 140 21,347,375 152 21,280
14 MADHYA PRADESH 230 30,016,625 131 30,130
15 MAHARASHTRA 288 50,412,235 175 50,400
16 MANIPUR 60 1,072,753 18 1,080
17 MEGHALAYA 60 1,011,699 17 1,020
18 MIZORAM 40 332,390 8 320
19 NAGALAND 60 516,499 9 540
20 ODISHA 147 21,944,615 149 21,903
21 PUNJAB 117 13,551,060 116 13,572
22 PUDUCHERRY 200 25,765,806 129 25,800
23 RAJASTHAN 32 209,843 7 224
24 SIKKIM 234 41,199,168 176 41,184
25 TAMIL NADU 119 15,702,122 132 15,708
26 TELANGANA 117 13,551,060 116 13,572
27 TRIPURA 60 1,556,342 26 1,560
28 UTTARAKHAND 70 4,491,239 64 4,480
29 UTTAR PRADESH 403 83,849,905 208 83,824
30 WEST BENGAL 294 44,312,011 151 44,394
31 NCT OF DELHI 70 4,065,698 58 4,060
TOTAL 4120 549302005   549495

The value of an MP’s vote is calculated by dividing the total value of all MLAs’ votes by the number of MPs. That is, the total Members of Parliament (Elected) = Lok Sabha (543) + Rajya Sabha (233) = 776

Value of each vote = 549,495 / 776 = 708.11, rounded to 708

Total value of votes of Parliament = 776 × 708 = 549,408

The number of votes for MPs are as follows:

Name of the House Number of Parliamentary seats (elective) Value of the vote of each MP Total value of votes for the House
Lok Sabha 546 708 3,84,444
Rajya Sabha 233 708 1,64,964
Total 776 708 5,49,408

Total number of votes for Presidential electors are as follows:

Elector Total Number of Electors Total value of votes
Members of Legislative Assemblies (elected) 4120 5,49,495
Members of Parliament (elected) 776 5,49,408
Total 4,896 1,098,903

VALUE OF EACH VOTE OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT TOTAL MEMBERS LOK SABHA (543) + RAJYA SABHA (233) = 776 5,49,495 =708 776 VALUE OF EACH VOTE = (B) TOTAL VALUE OF VOTES OF 776 MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT = 708 ×776 = 5,49,408 (C) TOTAL ELECTORS FOR THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION = MLAs (4120) + M.Ps (776) = 4896 (D) TOTAL VALUE OF VOTES OF 4896 ELECTORS FOR THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION 2017 = 5,49,495 + 5,49,408 = 10,98,903

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